Technology and environment
Geographic areas and its competitive core: Africa, Middle East, Europe, Russia, China, India, Japan, Indonesia, Philippines and Australia.
Africa will become the area with the highest population ratio. Of the total global growth of 2.4 billion people between 2015 and 2050, 1.3 billion people will belong to Africa. Thus, growing from 1.8 billion in 2015 to over 2.4 billion by 2050.
In Sub-saharan Africa, water treatment and supply (especially in the center and western parts of the region), mini hydro (East) and Solar photovoltaic power are at the top of development opportunities. All this with the support of power lines and having on account that the area can take advantage of the evolution of communication nets.
Within big cities one of the most relevant issues will be solid waste management and in the North of Africa water treatment and supply, solar photovoltaic power, and solar thermoelectric power will be key issues.
Water supply and treatment, as well as solar photovoltaic power generation systems and CSP or thermoelectric solar power are key points.
Europe has a population of 738 million people and by 2050 it will cut down to 707 million people.
Europe’s future depends on high investment on technology and knowledge. Through manpower and R&D investment, Europe should launch a new industrial revolution to create markets, specifically supplying the increasing demands of services and high added value products, for citizenship as well as enterprises, pursuing quality life improvement.
Within the power and basic supply services areas intelligent services nets should be installed, as well as efficiency systems and power control systems.
Transportation infrastructures should head towards power mobility (buses, cars, trains and ships). Within this field, producing on time information for transportation as well as logistics should be a clear advantage. The path should head towards online infrastructures systems.
Industry still has got a long run for Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) standards.
Russia has reached a population of 143 million inhabitants and It will decrease to 128 million people.
Water, waste water treatment, hydric power through mini hydro plants as well as treatment and solid waste power value will be a clear development asset in the area.
China, with a population of over 1.3 billion people, will rise by 2030 to decrease again to 1.3 billion by 2050.
Massive amounts of population on the coast side is one of the main issues it has to deal with, although it has started to attract population inland, where its main development possibilities are wind and Solar power.
Besides, China needs urgently to low its high pollution levels (which empowers electric vehicle regular implementation) and to rationalize its power consumption. This issue opens a field for power efficiency.
Its current population has reached just 1.3 billion inhabitants. It’s estimated that it will reach 1.7 billion by 2050, overpassing China.
Nowadays, millions of people cannot have access to basic supply, power demand is growing and the need for cutting down pollution emissions is higher.
Wind energy, Photovoltaic Solar energy and CSP, water as well as water and solid waste treatment, have become significant elements.
Food industry could be implemented strongly in the country in coming years.
Rest of Asia
Japan, currently with a population of 126 million people, will decrease by 2050 do 107. Its potential lays on solar power development and the implementation of Cyber Physic Systems for industries.
Indonesia has got a current population of 257 million people and it will reach 322 million. The Philippines will grow from 100 million to 148.
Geothermal plants (especially in Indonesia and the Philippines) water treatment, mini hydro plants and water supply systems can acquire great relevance in the area.
Australia has a population of 24 million people and it is estimated that it will reach 33 million inhabitants by 2050.
To be able to overpass the current commodities low prize situation Australia should look after technological development to implement it through infrastructures (digital infrastructures), intelligent systems (power and water supply management), as well as power efficiency.
Resilient actions are needed in cities and infrastructures in order to face climate change and natural disasters that bring floods and droughts.
Population data was extracted from UNPD site.