SEVEN QUALITIES OF A 21ST CENTURY LEADER

top 7 qualities that make a leader (1)

It is not new. Leadership has been analyzed throughout centuries from different approaches and its practical use taken into consideration and questioned as well.

Fathers of western philosophy, like Plato in “The Republic” and Plutarch in “Lives”, asked themselves about the qualities that determined leadership capability.

Within social science, Max Weber as the pioneer of modern sociology established the three pure categories of leadership. He outlined the differences among the charismatic leader (able to gather followers through emotions), the traditional (given to her/him for just being a member of the elites) and the legitimate one (born from legality and established rules).

 After other different visions and intellectual efforts to understand and to come up with the characteristics that shape the leader and distinguish her/him among the others, also with the influence of Confucius who believed that a leader was someone wise and good, a disruptive moment emerges in the middle of the 20th century.

Thus, situational leadership became stronger. Leaders good in a situation might not perform as well as in a complete different situation. Situation became the key and leadership had to count on context from that moment. This assumes that in different circumstances some qualities are more granted than others.

 

 

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DECISION-MAKING UNDER UNCERTAINTY Christian Manrique

Failure

As the Merriah-Webster Dictionary states, uncertainty stands for something that is doubtful or unknown; something that is uncertain. It is this lack of capability to foresee what will come next which represents the main challenge. It should be reality managing oriented to acquire acceptable stability parameters.

It is possible to refer to political uncertainty, social uncertainty, economic uncertainty and other kinds, although, in this case the text is referring to its consequences on businesses.

Decision-making and failure

Facing extremely complex or VUCA (Volatile Uncertain Complex Ambiguous) situations steps must be taken. Paralysis is not an option and, therefore, mistakes will have to be assumed, but even the slight decision must be taken in order to solve problems.

Decision-making can lead towards success or failure, but not making any at all means failures for granted. This is not the kind of failure that arises from taking the wrong step or not succeeding in businesses, from which something must be learned. My point here is the failure that grows from fearing failure. Nevertheless, as Winston Churchill pointed out, “success is walking from failure to failures with no loss of enthusiasm”.

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