Most likely, in 20 years we will work 30 hours per week instead of 40, but in more specialized positions, more qualified and strongly related to the knowledge economy. And living with robots. If countries do not prepare, global unemployment will increase significantly.
The german concept of Industry 4.0, Intelligent Industry or 4th Industrial Revolution is for real in development and involves the digitalization of production processes in industry, either through sensors or through information systems, transforming these processes to make them more efficient.
Its progress is characterized by continuous growth and rapid changes, with the goal of prospering and improving living standards through services and products with high added value.
But there is a new concept that is being coined, focused on the people but not on the industry. The Society 5.0.
Este nuevo post trata el origen y la vigencia del Ciclo de Inteligencia como modelo hegemónico para describir el proceso de generación de inteligencia.
Los orígenes del Ciclo de Inteligencia son difíciles de precisar. El historiador Michael Warner lo sitúa en los siglos XVIII y XIX cuando los revolucionarios franceses necesitaban un sistema para explicar la inteligencia a su personal cualificado. Pero el concepto del Ciclo de Inteligencia se popularizó en Estados Unidos por Sherman Kent, siendo su obra clave para el entrenamiento de los profesionales de inteligencia.
Ideas start with ourselves. In sports, being familiar with or knowing the playfield has been debated to a great extend about how this made a difference to obtain a competitive advantage over the local team.
At the same time, this has had to do with the kind of grass and the size of the field. But at the end all teams obtained the same victory rate playing at home.
The question lies in not having found a real differentiating factor that could give any team a competitive advantage over its adversaries, beyond the advantage of playing at home.
The quality of the team counts and a bigger budget can attract more talent and, therefore, more victories.
Then, am I just saying that the team with more resources is the one able to attract more talent and therefore capable of improving its victory rate? Or, on the other hand, a team on a lower budget will never be able to get a talented and competitive team on low wages?
To both questions the answer is no. As the film Moneyball points out, it’s about breaking the rules.
This post title comes from a sentence by Matt Ridley, a British journalist, businessman and author of popular science books with a very strong scientific background, who when pointing this idea out was making a word game which is easy to accept. Yes, ideas have intercourse taking into consideration that an idea is a combination of several ideas.
Tinder combines match.com with a smartphone. Pizza Hut melts Mc Donald’s and pizza. Mc Donald’s takes hamburgers through a production chain. There would be a wide number of success cases and all of them have in common the conjunction of different ideas.
Market polarization as a trend is not new. On the contrary, it has been going on for the last years. What it is happening, maybe, due to fast changes taking place, is that has been unnoticed for some, while for others has become something normality.
Economic growth models always go through cyclic and anticyclic processes. Somehow, it is like test they take and results will depend upon their stability and resistance.
In any case, manpower takes most of the damage while these processes are on and consequences are usually devastating. Unemployment increases and a part of the population is put aside because it has specialized in an obsolete model that will never come back. This population group must reinvent itself.
New industrial revolution, known as the fourth industrial revolution, implies a set of important factors deeply concerning current social system.
Previous industrial revolutions transformed all productive sectors, which came along with migration from towns to cities and to industrial areas. In those places, machines took over manual worker. Currently there is a new component that is growing unstoppable: technology.
Oil has gone down to its minimum historical rank within the last decade, the barrel was below 30 USD. Now is at 50 USD. In June 2014 it was at 115 USD.
Beyond geopolitical issues that might have influenced this current situation, there are other aspects to take into account. The increase of oil supply -even higher due to Iran becoming a stakeholder again; low demand, due to China’s crisis; and USA’s reserves, are responsible for this situation.
Both of them, with different goals but with a common artistic gift for gastronomy, have made a revolution. One has contributed to create a brand: Peru. The other has spread a healthier food style transforming cooking into a lever with a social effect. In both cases, technology, innovation and education are the columns in which their movements are built on.
Sociologists classify in three generations the ones that today share the same world and structure society and enterprises: Baby Boomers, X Generation and Y Generation. The three of them come from different education backgrounds and have lived different historic periods. The most different aspect among them is their unique approach to technology.